AskDefine | Define zayin

Word Net

zayin n : the 7th letter of the Hebrew alphabet

English

Noun

zayin
  1. The seventh letter of the Hebrew alphabet, ז.
Zayin (also spelled Zain or Zayn) is the seventh letter of many Semitic abjads, including Phoenician , Aramaic , Hebrew , Syriac and Arabic alphabet []. It represents a voiced alveolar fricative, IPA /z/.
The Phoenician letter gave rise to the Greek Zeta (Ζ), Etruscan z !rowspan=2|RashiScript |- !|Serif !! Sans-serif !! Monospaced |- |width=20%|ז |width=20%|ז |width=20%|ז |width=20%||width=20%||} An apostrophe can be placed in front of Zayin ('ז), making it represent /ʒ/.

Significance

In gematria, Zayin represents the number seven, and when used at the beginning of Hebrew years, it means 7000 (i.e. זתשנד in numbers would be the date 7754).
Zayin is also one of the seven letters which receive a special crown (called a tagin) when written in a Sefer Torah. See Shin, Ayin, Teth, Nun, Gimel, and Tzadi.

Syriac Zain

Zain is a consant with the "z" sound which is a voiced alveolar fricative.

Arabic Zayn

The letter is named zayn, and is written is several ways depending in its position in the word: .
The similarity to ر is likely a function of the original Syriac forms converging to a single symbol, requiring that one of them be distinguished as a dot; a similar process occurred to ǧim and a'.
A variant of Arabic . is ژ /ʒ/, used in e.g. the Uyghur language (see Kona Yezik).
zayin in Tosk Albanian: ז
zayin in Arabic: ز
zayin in Official Aramaic (700-300 BCE): ܙܝܢ
zayin in Breton: Zayin (lizherenn)
zayin in German: Zajin
zayin in Spanish: Zayn
zayin in French: Zayin (lettre)
zayin in Hebrew: ז
zayin in Malay (macrolanguage): Zai
zayin in Dutch: Zajin
zayin in Japanese: ザイン
zayin in Finnish: Zajin
zayin in Swedish: Zayin
zayin in Thai: ซาย
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